In the Early Years Foundation Stage and Key Stage, One phonics is taught following Letters and Sounds. Letters and Sounds begins in nursery with phase 1, which involves listening to and matching sounds including everyday sounds within the environment. This then moves onto phase 2 which introduces the letter sounds and names of the alphabet. At this phase, pupils are taught how to blend and segment sounds within words. Once pupils are confident with the letters and sounds of the alphabet they will be introduced to more complex sounds for example digraphs and trigraphs. A digraph is a single sound, or phoneme, which is represented by two letters and a trigraph consists of three letters.
As pupils progress into Year 2, spelling continues to be taught using Letters and Sounds and ‘Support for Spelling.’ Throughout school, pupils will be given spellings to learn at home on a weekly basis as part of their homework.
Phonics is taught in the morning through a short 20-minute session, which follows a sequence of revisit, teach and apply. Each phonics session provides pupils with the opportunity to practise and apply their phonic skills through reading and writing.
At the end of Year 1 pupils complete a statutory phonics screening task which assesses pupil’s phonic knowledge and ability to segment and blend sounds in order to read a range of real and nonsense words. Throughout the year we hold phonic workshops and meetings for parents to attend. In addition to this, you will also find a section on our website named ‘Phonics help’ which contains many resources for you to use with your child at home.